Thursday, May 29, 2014

Treasure Chest Thursday :: Millie's Nut Meat Chopper

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

We are in the last throws of the clean out of Man's mother's home.  He came home with this 5.5 inch tall Nut Meat Chopper the other day.  He remembers his mother chopping nuts with it for cooking.

The top part is a thin metal, the bottom is a glass jar.

As is the usual case, when I start blogging, I start researching.  I turned the chopper over and over and finally found in tiny tiny stamped letters, Pat. No. 27001075.  I went charging over to Google Patents and started searching.  At first I thought maybe the number was 27001079.  That stamped number is VERY small.  However, in just a few minutes I found the correct number and the chopper patent.

The drawing:

The basic data:

Publication number US2001075 A
Publication type Grant
Publication date May 14, 1935
Filing date Nov 21, 1932
Priority date Nov 21, 1932
Inventors Sundstrand Carl A
Original Assignee Sundstrand Carl A

The first few paragraphs from the patent read:

"This invention-relates to a new and improved device for chopping or breaking up nut meats and other foodstuffs.

Despite all the ingenuity that has been exercised in the development of numerous articles of kitchenware, it appears that nothing practical has been developed for breaking nut meats, and as a result, this and other work of a like nature is still done to a large extent by hand. The work is not only tedious, but the results are unsatisfactory. The customary practice is to have the nuts in a chopping bowl and to keep working them with a knife or chopper until they are brought to the desired fineness. This, as stated before, is tedious work, and there is the objection that the stuff is not cut to any uniform size, some particles being cut very fine and others being left very coarse. Furthermore this old method was objectionable because of the loss of the natural oils and flavor.

It is, therefore, the principal object of my invention to provide a device operable by the turning of a crank for ease in operation, and constructed to break the nut meats or other food to a fairly uniform size.

Another object consists in the provision of a device consisting of a hopper in the bottom of which the breaker means is embodied, arranged to be mounted on a jar by means of a screw-on cap, thus providing a relatively inexpensive device, attractive in appearance, and extremely practical for the purpose intended."

How interesting is this??  Well, there's more, lots more over on the Patent page from Google.  As I have probably exceeded a "fair use" test on borrowing from the web page, you really should go read it for your self!  What a hoot, and run all the way down to the bottom of the page, where you will find references to additional patents connected to this one, you will undoubtedly recognize the names Hamilton Beach and Pampered Chef!

What a little treasure Man brought home this time, and a lesson in history and patents.


Monday, May 26, 2014

Remembering :: Lime Creek Cemetery Memorial, Lime Creek, Lenawee County, Michigan

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

The names were transcribed from "Gravestone Records of Lenawee County, Michigan".  Collected and Edited by Harriet Cole Clark Bowen.  Vital Records Collection of the DAR of Adrian, Lenawee County, Michigan.  Vol. 5.  Printed in Adrian, 1943.  This volume covers  the townships of Fairfield, Medina, Seneca and the City of Morenci.

Lime Creek Cemetery is situated in Medina Township. It is located on the east side of Munson Hwy north of Lime Creek Road (Sec. 17).

In the center of the cemetery is a large shaft erected to Civil War Men from Medina who lost their lives at that time. It is said that this is one of the oldest Civil War monuments in the area, possibly the second one dedicated in the county.  (The first dedicated may be the one in the Franklin/Tipton cemetery.) The date of the Lime Creek Memorial's dedication is not known. No record of the date has been found in county histories, local historians do not know the date, and the date has not been found in old newspapers.  The monument is made from sandstone or some other soft stone. 

In 1997 this monument was showing distinct loss due to time and acid rain.  The names are very hard to read, as a close up of the inscription on the west panel shows:

West Panel, US Sharpshooters:

Jewell, E. G., Co. C, killed Belly Ford, Nov. 8, 1863, ae 27 yrs.
Higley, H. O., Co. C, killed Gettysburg, PA, July 2, 1863, ae 23 yrs.
Roosa, S.K., Co. C. wounded at Gettysburg, d. Aug. 2, 1863 ae 35 yrs at Philadelphia, PA.
Joughlin, J. Bat. H., died at Memphis, Tenn., Feb. 11, 1865, ae 22yrs.
Dutcher, A., Bat. H, died at Marietta, Ga, Aug. 28, 1863, ae 30 yrs.
Jewell, H. B., 52 O.V.I., killed Atlanta, Ga, July 19, 1864, ae 30 yrs.
Wilkins, L.P., Co. F, 11th Mich. Inf., wounded Atlanta, Ga, d. Aug. 16, 1864, ae 33 yrs.
Spaulding, E. M., Co. C, 23 Mich. Inf., d. Feb. 10, 1863, ae 20 yrs at Bowling Green, KY.
Wood, J. S., Co. E, 3 Mich. Inf., d. July 13, 1862 ae 18 yrs at St. Louis, Mo.

North Panel  4th Mich. Inf.

Kenyon, L. L., Co. F, killed at Malvern Hill, Jan. 1, 1862 ae 18yrs.
Cox, L., Co. F, killed at Huntsville, Ala, Feb. 22, 1865, ae 21 yrs.
Wheeler, E. H., Co. F., killed Georgetown, D.C., Aug. 29, 1861, ae 24 yrs.
Palmer, W.H., Co. F, killed Petersburg, Va., Jan. 19, 1864, ae 27 yrs.
Bailey, J. S., Co. A, killed at Malvern Hill, June 29, 1862, ae 19 yrs.
Tolford, W.H., Co. F, killed at battle Wilderness, May 5, 1864, ae 33 yrs.
Lawrence, H. S., Co. F, killed Chancelorsville, Va., May 5, 1863, ae 23 yrs.
Millins, G., Co. B, d. Andersonville Prison, Ga., of starvation, May 16, 1861, ae 25 yrs.
Baker, G. L., 9 Mich. Bat., killed Atlanta, Ga., Aug. 7, 1864, ae 19 yrs.

South Panel  18th Mich. Inf.

Bailey, N., Co. B, d. at Lexington, KY April 22, 1863, ae 19yrs.
Upton, O. S., Co. I, d. Nashville, Tenn, Sept, 1, 1861, ae 19yrs.
Proper, G. W., Co. A, died Camp Chase, July 29, 1864, ae 21 yrs.
Spring, J., Co. A, lost on "Sultana", April 27, 1865, ae 20 yrs.
Van Court, H. H., Co. D, lost on "Sultana", April 27, 1865, ae 22 yrs.
Bradish, J. W., Co. A, lost on "Sultana", April 27, 1865, ae 21 yrs.
Upton, W. S., Co. I, lost on "Sultana", April 27, 1865, ae 19 y, 8 m.
Wheeler, F., Co. I, killed at Athens, Ala., Sept. 26, 1864, ae 28 yrs.
Foster, H., Co. I, killed at Athens, Ala., Sept. 26, 1864, ae 31 yrs.
Chatfield, H., Co. I, d. Huntsville, Ala., Nov. 28, 1864, ae 30 yrs.
Gould, A. W., Co. I, d. Dansville, Ala., Mar 7, 1863, ae 25 yrs.

East Panel:  11th Mich. Cav.

Proper, J.N., Co. D, d. Lexington, Ky, Feb 1864, ae 19 yrs.
Wood, J. C., Co. D, d. Salisbury, NC, Jan., 29, 1863, ae 42 yrs.
Haight, P., Co. G, d. Nashville, Tenn, Aug. 29, 1864, ae 38 yrs.
Campbell, R. M., Co. H, 1st Neb. Inf., d. May 20, 1864, ae 29 yrs.

This post is part of Heather Wilkinson Rojo's Memorial Day project,  The Honor Roll Project. She has a permanent home for this project.


Sunday, May 25, 2014

Sunday's Stories, 52 Ancestor Weeks, Week # 21, Rev. Samuel Bowen

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

This is week 21 of my participation Amy Johnson Crow's, once a week challenge to blog about one ancestor a week, tell their story, biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on that one ancestor. More about the challenge can be found at her Blog, No Story Too Small.

Rev. Samuel Bowen was born Jul 16, 1659 at Rehoboth, Bristol County, Massachusetts to Obadiah Bowen and his wife, Mary (believed to be Mary Clifton).

He married Elizabeth Wood Wheaton on May 26, 1684 at Swansea, Bristol County, Massachusetts.  Elizabeth was the widow of Samuel Wheaton (a cousin of Samuel Bowen).

Samuel and Elizabeth had 8 children, some born at Rehoboth, Massachusetts.  Some traditions state that several of their children were born in New Jersey after their move there.

Samuel moved his family to Chanzey Precinct, Salem (now Cumberland) County, New Jersey.  The date of that move is reported as any time from 1687 up to 1703.  Just about every published family history I have checked has different dates for this move to New Jersey.  My direct ancestor, Clifton, son of Samuel and Elizabeth is reported to have been born in Bristol County, Rhode Island on Feb 12, 1700 (per James N. Arnold, compiler, "Vital record of Rhode Island: 1636-1850, Volume 6, Bristol County" (Springfield, Massachusetts: Springfield City Library, 1894).  It would seem to me that the move to New Jersey would have taken place after Clifton's birth.

There is so much conflicting information and conclusion out and about in research land it is quite befuddling.  

Some examples from my notes on Samuel:

The Cumberland Patriot, published by the Cumberland County Historical Society, in the Summer 1981 issue tells of the Baptists moving to New Jersey.  "In 1687 and 1690 there were two migrations from Swansea, Massachusetts under the leadership of Rev. Timothy Brooks, a Seventh Day Baptist minister. The Welch Bowen's and  Barrett's were in this company.  The Swansea Company built a log meeting house a short distance west of the crossroads at Bowentown...In 1710 the Bowentown Baptists...united with the Cohansey Baptist Church."

In her work "350 Years of American Ancestors, Thirty-Eight Families, 1630-1989" by Mary Coates Martin, 1989 she tells of Samuel's move: "Reverend Samuel Bowen came to West (South) Jersey with the Rev. Timothy Brook's company and established the Cohansey Baptist Church as early as 1702. This settlement came to be known as Bowentown."

In a letter dated Sept. 11, 1962 to Mrs. Dempsey M. Stanley and provided to compiler by Patricia Orr in 1994 from Seventh Day Baptist Historical Society it is noted:  "The Shiloh Seventh Day Baptist Church did celebrate its 200th anniversary in 1937.  A mimeographed history was prepared at that time....The early history for this volume was written...John H. Bonham...Mr. Bonham states that Samuel Bowen ...had 8 children...removed to  Bowentown with the Timothy Brooks' Company...Mr. Bonham mentions a booklet printed in 1927 entitled "Timothy Brooks and His Descendants" by Robert Peacock Brooks."

Shirley Bowen Elders states in her book "My Bowen, Barton, Harris, Scott, Hendon, Cranford Family Connections", 1994:" Sometime between Feb 12, 1700/01", (that being the birth of Clifton) "and Dec 30, 1703, very probably in 1702, Samuel Bowen, his wife, their children, and Elizabeth's two sons, Jonathan and Noah Wheaton, moved from Rhode Island to New Jersey with his sister, Hannah, and her husband, the Rev. Timothy Brooks...."  Note that Dec. 30, 1703 is the date of a deed conveying a tract of land from Rev. Timothy Brooks to Samuel Bowen.

At any rate, Samuel and his family moved to New Jersey, where they practiced their Baptist religion. According to William B. Saxbe, Jr., CG, FASG, in his 2011 work "Richard Bowen, (1594-1675) of Rehoboth, Massachusetts, and His Descendants, Volume 1 - Generations 1 - 3....", published by the Rhode Island Genealogical Society in 2011; on page 269, Saxbe tells us, "Samuel assumed the leadership of the Sabbatarian [Baptist] church at Bowentown after Timothy Brooks moved to the Cohansey congregation, and was the "colleague for many years of the first pastor, Jonathan Davis Sr. [of the nearby Shiloh Baptist Church].

Below:  Photo taken from "The New Jersey Genesis", Volume 12, Number 3, April 1970, states original photograph was taken by the "Editor", in 1929.  He writes:  "Plastered, brick house at the northwest corner of the crossroads in Bowentown, Hopewell Township, Cumberland County, New Jersey.  The high part was built by Jonathan Bowen, Esq., about 1760. His grandfather, Samuel Bowen, from Rhode Island, died on this farm in January 1728/9.  It is believed that a part of his house is incorporated in this building.

Samuel died on or about  the 21st of January 1728. Per, "Salem County, New Jersey, Genealogical Data, Records Pertaining to Persons Residing in Salem County Prior to 1800", compiled by H. Stanley Craig, Samuel Bowen, of Cohansey, will dated 1/21/1728-29, probated, 3/4/1728-29.  Children named were John, Dan, Elijah, Clefton, Mary Persey and Elizabeth Fogg.  See Liber 3, page 25.  I obtained a copy of this will, the copy is very poor, many black areas, which appear to be tape used to repair the original pages, now photocopy black, which obscure the text of the will and accompanying papers.

The will of Samuel Bowen of Cohansey in the County of Salemstates: "Desires a Christian  burial".  Leaves gifts to sons John, Dan, Elijah, Cleffton, Elisabeth Fogg, Mary Persy (that is how this compiler sees her married name spelled).

An inventory of Samuel's estate was done on January 21, 1728 by Job Shephard and Timothy Brooks and submitted to the court on March 4, 1728.

There is a memorial for Samuel at Find A Grave which indicates he was laid to rest at the Cohansey Baptist Church Cemetery, Roadstown, Cumberland County, New Jersey.

Wish list for Samuel Bowen:  A better copy of his will, verification of burial at Choansey Baptist Church Cemetery, photo of any headstone (requested at Find A Grave today).

* Additional source data can be obtained by contacting me, see the right hand column for a yahoo email address.

** 52 Ancestors Weeks Button courtesy of Amy Johnson Crow,


Sunday, May 18, 2014

Sunday's Stories, 52 Ancestor Weeks, Week # 20, Nancy Louise Stevens

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

This is week 20 of my participation Amy Johnson Crow's, once a week challenge to blog about one ancestor a week, tell their story, biography, a photograph, an outline of a research problem — anything that focuses on that one ancestor. More about the challenge can be found at her Blog, No Story Too Small.

Nancy Louise Stevens, infant daughter of Arthur Norman Stevens, Jr. and his wife, Mildred Louise Gehrke Stevens was born a still born baby due to the RH Blood factor.  (More can be read about RH Blood factor or disease at this Wikipedia article.)  Nancy was born in 1952 before widespread preventative medicine was available.  Due to her death, Arthur and Mildred never risked another pregnancy.

Nancy was issued a birth certificate by the hospital which was safely tucked away by her mother and is now in the possession of her brother, Man.

She was buried at Glen Eden Memorial Park, Livonia, Wayne County, Michigan shortly after her birth/death.

Until a few years ago, her grave was not marked, her mother eventually purchased this lovely stone.  Nancy is buried in Babyland, Rest Garden.

Wish list for Nancy, I realize I do not have a copy of her civil birth and/or death certificate.

* Additional source data can be obtained by contacting me, see the right hand column for a yahoo email address.

** 52 Ancestors Weeks Button courtesy of Amy Johnson Crow.


Saturday, May 17, 2014

Point Park, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

After our delightful visit to Rock City, we drove over to Point Park at the very northern point of Lookout Mountain.  Point Park falls under the umbrella of the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Parks.

Here is a map from GoogleMaps showing Lookout Mountain.  Shows fairly clearly that Lookout Mountain was strategic, a very important land mark to hold.  Lookout Mountain comes to a point that over looks the Tennessee River and Chattanooga, as my later photos will show.

The entrance to Point Park:

A view from the point, looking down on Chattanooga.

As you can see from this Google Earth image, the New York State Monument stands almost to the point of the Mountain. The monument cost over $100,000, dedicated Nov. 15, 1910, it stands ninety-five feet high.  It features a Northern and Southern soldier shaking hands.  You can read more about it in this article, dated 2010, written during the centennial year celebration.

Cannons and spring bushes blooming and the monument in the background.  Due to lighting conditions, I could not get a photo from the front.

Check out this view of Chattanooga from the very point of Lookout Mountain.

This is what the cannon saw.  And, yes, that rock in the lower right portion of the photo, well, that is the top of the mountain and there is a significant drop off, straight down.

We walked around the park, but, did not wander far, we were tired from our visit to Rock City.  Several days later we would take a river cruise on the Tennessee River.  We had a great opportunity to see Lookout Mountain from a different view point.  There on the highest spot to the right is the New York State Monument.  If you look very hard at this photo you can see what appears to be a tall singular tree, that is the monument, all 95 feet of it.

Putting Sony Too to work, zooming to the max.  There are the two soldiers of the New York State Monument, standing guard over Lookout Mountain and the city of Chattanooga.

While researching for this post, I found an exciting and fun web site covering the Chickamauga & Chattanooga National Military Parks, a PointsMap product, you really must have a look if you are interested in Civil War history.  Photos, data, all tied to a map.  Very interesting.  HERE.

More can be learned about the battle and Lookout Mountain at this Wikipedia page.  (You be the judge of the quality of Wikipedia articles, they may lead you to further research possibilities, see the References, Further Reading and External Links portions of the page, near the bottom.)

Point Park was established in 1905.  The point was the location of the headquarters of the Lookout Mountain Battlefield (over 3000 acres).  The Confederate troops occupied this point until November 24, 1863 when the Union army drove out the Confederates, therefore setting up Sherman with the position he needed to carry out his march to Atlanta.  Many historians and Civil War students consider this to be the "battle" that turned the tide of the Civil War.  Some call it the "Battle Above the Clouds"

* Now, here is the disclaimer, I struggle to understand war stories and reports of battles.  Therefore, I make no claims as to my understanding or my representation of it here.

**Thanks to GoogleMaps and GoogleEarth for the images of Lookout Mountain.  They maintain all rights and copyrights and all that stuff.  They offer free maps for use on the internet, and, yes, I do use them.


Wednesday, May 14, 2014

Rock City, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, Part 2 - - Nature's Beauty

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

Yes, I had heard of Rock City, who hasn't.  If you lived on the east side of this nation you must have seen the signs, SEE ROCK CITY. Iconic.  And, Man and I had never been, ever.  On the way north we stopped for the Easter holiday near Chattanooga.  We went "tourist" for a week.  Had a great time.

Rock City.  Contains 14-acres, views from 1,700 feet above sea level where you can see 7 different states from Lover's Leap. There is a 4100 ft. walking trail, and a 180-foot long suspension bridge and more.

A pink flowering dogwood.  Stunning.

Needles Eye and Man squeezing through.

Lenton Rose:

Man resting at Mushroom Rock.  Not that we needed the rest, but, why hurry?  Why not rest?

The trails would pass over them selves, curving along.

Mount Airy Fothergilla

Seven, count them, 7 states:

Necessary panoramic.

The flags of the seven states:

90 to 100 foot water fall, High Falls

This is Fat Man Squeeze.  And, yes, some people really had to squeeze through, not sayin they were fat or anything, never say that - - -

Man in the "squeeze".

The swinging bridge from below.  We did not take the bridge, there were two walkways, we had to choose one, we thought we could walk it on the way back, did not happen.  Rats!

Fallow deer.  Happen to be descendants of the original 1930's herd.

Lover's Leap and the High Falls.  Yes, there are people up there, that is where you can view the seven states.

Spring time flowers, this bee was flitting about, drinking nectar as fast as possible.  (Thank you Sony Too zoom.)

The views were terrific at Lover's Leap.  The trail through the rocks, narrow at times, special.  Spring flowers and flowering trees were starting a nice show.  Man and I had a delightful time.  So, if you ever see one of those barns painted "See Rock City", you just might want to do that.

*  OH, yes, I indeed purchased a Rock City bird house of my own:

It is all of 2 inches tall, you can see it there tucked between the crab pot and that bear.  Some of my tiny and sometimes tacky but fun memorials of places Man and I have visited over the years.


Tuesday, May 13, 2014

Rock City, Lookout Mountain, Tennessee, Part 1 - - Get Your Kid On

Copyright 2014, CABS for Reflections From the Fence

Yes, I had heard of Rock City, who hasn't.  If you lived on the east side of this nation you must have seen the signs, SEE ROCK CITY. Iconic.  And, Man and I had never been, ever.  On the way north we stopped for the Easter holiday near Chattanooga.  We went "tourist" for a week.  Had a great time.

Rock City.  As early as 1823 visitors came to the area. From their web site, we learn some more of the history:

"1928 – Frieda Carter spent four years forging a path through the wilderness among the rock formations with only a string to mark her trail. Garnet Carter introduced her unique gardens to the public as Rock City Gardens in 1932.

1936 – Garnet Carter began his famous barn roof advertising campaign to lure vacationers from the highways. By the 1950’s Clark Byers had painted “See Rock City” on 900 barn roofs from Michigan to Texas."

A mixture of the truly magnificent beauty of nature and some good healthy tourist trap fun:

Frieda's gardens had some friends, German statues of gnomes and famous fairytale characters.  Today, we enjoy the delights of our childhoods:

This flower and butterfly statuary was whimsical and delightful.  There were other butterflies on trees nearby.

The entrance to the Fairyland Caverns.

Let there be music!

There were quite a few displays with black lights and glowing paint.  They were fun and challenging to photograph.

Goldilocks and the Three Bears.  Guess this is depicting the aftermath??

Once upon a time, there was a little girl named Goldilocks.  She  liked to walk in the forest.  One day, she came upon a house.  She knocked and, when no one answered, she walked right in.

At the table in the kitchen, there were three bowls of porridge. Goldilocks was hungry.  She tasted the porridge from the first bowl.

"This porridge is too hot!" she exclaimed.

So, she tasted the porridge from the second bowl.

"This porridge is too cold," she said

So, she tasted the last bowl of porridge.

"Ahhh, this porridge is just right," she said happily and she ate it all up.

After she'd eaten she wandered into the living room where she saw three chairs.  Goldilocks sat in the first chair to rest her feet.  

"This chair is too big!" she exclaimed.

So she sat in the second chair.

"This chair is too big, too!"  she whined.

So she tried the last and smallest chair.

"Ahhh, this chair is just right," she sighed.  But just as she settled down into the chair to rest, it broke into pieces!

Goldilocks was very tired by this time, so she went into the bedroom.  She lay down in the first bed, but it was too hard.  Then she lay in the second bed, but it was too soft.  Then she lay down in the third bed and it was just right.  Goldilocks fell fast asleep.

As she was sleeping, the three bears came home.

"Someone's been eating my porridge," growled the Papa bear.

"Someone's been eating my porridge," said the Mama bear.

"Someone's been eating my porridge and they ate it all up!" cried the Baby bear.

"Someone's been sitting in my chair," growled the Papa bear.

"Someone's been sitting in my chair," said the Mama bear.

"Someone's been sitting in my chair and they've broken it all to pieces," cried the Baby bear.

They decided to look around some more so they went into the bedroom.

Papa bear growled, "Someone's been sleeping in my bed,"

"Someone's been sleeping in my bed, too" said the Mama bear

"Someone's been sleeping in my bed and she's still there!" exclaimed Baby bear.

Just then, Goldilocks woke up and saw the three bears.  She jumped up and ran out of the room.  She ran away into the forest.  And she never returned to the home of the three bears.

Mary and her little Lamb, and despite the verse, this Mary looks quite agitated with her lamb. Scowl much Mary???

Mary had a little lamb,
its fleece was white as snow,

And everywhere that Mary went,
The lamb was sure to go;

He followed her to school one day--
That was against the rule,

It made the children laugh and play,
to see a lamb at school.

And so the teacher turned it out,
but still it lingered near,

And waited patiently about,
till Mary did appear.

"Why does the lamb love Mary so?"
the eager children cry.

"Why, Mary loves the lamb, you know."
 the teacher did reply.

Hey Diddle Diddle

Hey diddle diddle,

The Cat and the fiddle,
The Cow jumped over the moon.
The little Dog laughed,
To see such sport,

And the Dish ran away with the Spoon

Next, I'll bring you the historical and natural beauty of Rock City Tennessee.

*  The stories and rhymes remembered over the years, kids and grandkids are good for that kind of thing, eh??

**  Did you know that Goldilocks was an old lady in the telling of the story in the early 1800's?  Really!  Go check out the Wikipedia page on the story of Goldilocks and the Three Bears.